Rosa Parks Biography- Early Life, Professional Career

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Everything you need to know about Rosa Parks

Rosa Parks has her complete name of Rosa Louise McCauley Parks. She was an American innovative in the public rights movement. She was famous due to her essential character in the Montgomery bus boycott. She received the title of “the first lady of civil rights” and “the mother of the freedom movement” by the United States Congress

On December 1, 1955, she refused bus driver jam’s instructions to surrender her chair in the colored part. She was not only who struggle with bus isolation. But the National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People supposed her the finest applicant for eagle-eyed through a court trial after her seizure for public defiance in heretical Alabama separation rules.

Rosa Parks image From History

Due to her fame in the society and her inclination for a contentious character impressed the black people. They stand to boycott the Montgomery buses for over a year.

Park’s trial became bogged down in the national magistrates. Her disobedience and the Montgomery bus boycott got a special role for the movement.

She got fame as an international sign of confrontation with ethnic isolation. Rosa Parks prepared and co-operated with civil rights leaders. They were Edgar Nixon, leader of the NAACP, and Martin Luther King Jr., a new-fangled minister in Montgomery.

Martin earned countrywide fame in the civil rights movement. He also won a Nobel Peace Prize. At this time, she was an administrator of the Montgomery chapter of the NAACP.

Rosa Parks NAACP Administrator

At the time, Parks was the administrator of the Montgomery chapter of the NAACP. Rosa Parks participated in Highlander Folk School. It is a Tennessee institution to exercise the activists for employees’ rights and cultural impartiality.

Rosa Parks performed as a remote inhabitant “tired of giving in.” Though she was famous after this activity, she also gets troubles due to this action.

She was working in a native department store as a seamstress at that time. But they fired her from her duty, and she also gets death fears. After it, she went to Detroit as also performed there as a seamstress. She participated actively in the Black Power movement and helped the political prisoners in the US.

When she retired, she wrote her life story. She also wrote that her work for equality is not ended and she had to do a lot of work for it.

Biography of Rosa Parks

She was born in Tuskegee, Alabama, on February 4, 1913. Her parents were Leona, a teacher, and James McCauley, a carpenter. In her family, she also had a great-grandmother, and a Scots-Irish great-grandfather as well. At the separation of her parents, she went with her mother to Pine Level.

She raised on a farm with her motherly grandparents, mother, and younger brother. Her brother’s name was Sylvester. Rosa Parks received her early education from countryside schools until the age of eleven. While she was studying, she also took academic and vocational courses as well.

After her matric, she moved to Alabama State Teachers College for Negroes. But her mother and grandmother get an illness, and she was let fall for their attention.

Awards of Rosa Parks

  1. NAACP’s 1979 Spingarn Medal,
  2. The Presidential Medal of Freedom,
  3. The Congressional Gold Medal,
  4. Posthumous statue in the United States Capitol’s National Statuary Hall.

Initial involvement

She married Raymond Parks in 1932. He was a participant of the NAACP. Her husband, at this time, was trying to collect money for the help of Scottsboro Boys. They were black and blamed for raping two white women. In 1933, she completed her high school education. At this time 7{7d6bb1f761e691f027164c9fe6d1ebbc4659a250013ce39dc45a15ede39dbac5} of African Americans had a high-school certificate.

Her arrest and bus boycott

Rosa Parks
Rosa Parks image From Colorlines

In 1900, Montgomery had approved a city order to separate bus passengers by race. There was a special section for the white people. If this section fills up with the white, then the black people are allowed to sit there. Rather they have to stand or sit in the color section that was made for black people.

And if there are more white people to sit, the black people have to leave the bus for them. Black people have no permission to sit in the same row as white people.

According to the rule, no passenger should leave his seat for the coming passengers. But this conductor of that bus specializes in some seats for the white people.

He asked some black passengers to leave the bus due to the white people. Because when they came, there was no seat for them to sit. The black people were complaining about this inequality. Parks also supported them. Due to this support, the bus driver Blake gets the fair from here, but not boarded her into is a bus.

Denial to transfer

One day, without noticing, she boarded in the bus of Blake. She sat in the colored part that was made for the black people. Her seat row was behind the ten seats that were special for the white community. Suddenly, she saw Blake and remembered how he left her in the rain in 1943.

At the third stop, four more white people boarded on the bus, but there was no seat for them. The bus driver came into the colored section and demanded four seats for them.

After many years, she recalled this event and said I could remember the time when this white driver came near to us and waved his hand. He ordered us to leave our seats for the white people to sit. She said that at this time, she felt a willpower shelter my body like a quilt on a winter night.


When she was arrested, she was a sign of the Civil Rights Movement. But she also faces several problems due to her activities. Her husband was also excluded from his job due to the discussion about his wife

Death of Rosa Parks

Death of Rosa Parks Image From Rightoffreedom

In the year of her death, she became the patient of dementia. She died in 2005, and in the same year, she was a single lady lie in honor in the Capitol Rotunda. Rosa Parks was the third of only four Americans to get this respect.

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